Modern spirituality is centered on the “deepest values and meanings” by which people live.
It embraces the idea of an ultimate or an alleged immaterial reality.
It envisions an inner path enabling a person to discover the essence of his/her being.
Spiritual practices may include meditation, mindfulness, prayer,
the contemplation of sacred texts, ethical development,
and the use of psychoactive substances.
Love and/or compassion are often described as the mainstay of spiritual development.
Various studies have reported a positive correlation between spirituality
and mental well-being in both healthy people and those encountering a range
of physical illnesses or psychological disorders.
Spiritual individuals tend to be optimistic, report greater social support,
and experience higher intrinsic meaning in life, strength, and inner peace.
Spirituality emphasizes humanistic ideas on moral character
(qualities such as love, compassion, patience, tolerance, forgiveness, contentment,
responsibility, harmony, and a concern for others).
These are aspects of life and human experience which go beyond
a purely materialist view of the world without necessarily accepting belief
in a supernatural reality or divine being.