Spiritual practice in Abrahamic religions
Spiritual practice in Abrahamic religions.
In the Catholic tradition, spiritual disciplines may include: prayer, fasting, acts of mercy, Sacraments
(e.g., Baptism & Eucharist), monasticism, chanting, celibacy, the use of prayer beads, mortification of the flesh,
Christian meditation, and Lectio Divina.
For Protestants, spiritual disciplines are generally regarded to include any combination of the following, in moderation: celebration, chastity, confession, fasting, fellowship, frugality, giving, guidance, hospitality, humility, intimacy, meditation, prayer, reflection, self-control, servanthood, service, silence, simplicity, singing, slowing, solitude, study, submission, surrender, teaching, and worship.
The Religious Society of Friends (also known as the Quakers) practices silent worship, which is punctuated by vocal ministry. Quakers have little to no creed or doctrine, and so their practices constitute a large portion of their group identity.
A well-known writer on Christian spiritual disciplines, Richard Foster, has emphasized that Christian meditation focuses not of the emptying of the mind or self, but rather on the filling up of the mind or self with God.
Spiritual practice in Islam is practiced within salat (ritual prayer) during which Muslims subdue all thoughts and concentrate solely on Allah, also through other forms of worship activities like fasting, and Hajj. A
mong many Muslim groups, Spiritual practices is more noticeable and deep in practiced of Sufis include Dhikr,
Muraqaba, and Sama (Sufi whirling).
Kavanah is the directing of the heart to achieve higher contemplative thoughts and attain inner strength.
Perhaps the most elevated spiritual exercise for a Jew is known as Torah Lishmah, the diligent study of the Torah. Reciting daily prayers (such as the Shema and Amidah), following dietary laws of kashrut, observing Shabbat, fasting, and performing deeds of loving-kindness all assist in maintaining awareness of God. Various Jewish movements throughout history have encouraged a range of other spiritual practices. TheMusar movement, for example, encourages a variety of meditations, guided contemplations, and chanting exercises.