Buddhism is a religion indigenous to the Indian subcontinent
that encompasses a variety of traditions,
beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama,
who is commonly known as the Buddha, meaning “the awakened one”.


The Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.

He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher
who shared his insights to helpsentient beings end their suffering (dukkha)
through the elimination of ignorance (avidyā) by way of understanding
and the seeing of dependent origination (pratītyasamutpāda)
and the elimination of desire (taṇhā),
and thus the attainment of the cessation of all suffering,
known as the sublime state of nirvāņa.